Hoplite soldiers utilized the phalanx formation in order to be effective in war with fewer soldiers. The formation discouraged the soldiers from acting alone, for this would compromise the formation and minimize its strengths. However, some states did maintain a small elite professional unit, known as the epilektoi "chosen" since they were picked from the regular citizen infantry. These existed at times in Athens , Argos , Thebes , and Syracuse , among others. In the 8th or 7th century BC, Greek armies adopted the phalanx formation. The Persian archers and light troops who fought in the Battle of Marathon failed because their bows were too weak for their arrows to penetrate the wall of Greek shields that made up the phalanx formation. However, the shield was more commonly known as an aspis , so the word hopla may refer to the soldiers' weapons or even their full armament.
Fighting in the Buff: Did Celtic Warriors Really Go to War Naked? | Ancient Origins
Fighting in the Buff: Did Celtic Warriors Really Go to War Naked?
All members in good standing are free to post here. Opinions expressed here are solely those of the posters, and have not been cleared with nor are they endorsed by The Miniatures Page. Back to the Ancients Discussion Message Board. I was going through one of my boxes of Foundry ancients, and I found my long lost Spartans. Most of the figures are either clothed or wear armor.
The practice of entering combat without the use of clothing and armor is rare, but not unheard-of. The artistic convention of heroic nudity was established in the art of ancient Greece by the Archaic period. Polybius' Histories describe how the Gaesatae , hired by other Celtic peoples, the Boii and Insubres as mercenaries to fight the Romans, stood naked at the head of their army at the Battle of Telamon in BC.